Asia Minor Timeline

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  • c. 6200 BCE
    First copper smelting in Anatolia.
  • c. 1700 BCE
    The Hittites invade the region of the Hatti and begin a systematic campaign against them. The great city of Hattusa is sacked and destroyed.
  • c. 1380 BCE
    First instances of iron working in the Hittite Empire.
  • 1350 BCE - 1250 BCE
    The Hittite Empire is at its peak.
  • 1334 BCE
    Trojan War, according to Duris of Samos.
  • 1285 BCE
    Peak of Hittite power.
  • c. 1250 BCE
    Trojan War, according to Herodotus.
  • 1200 BCE
    Lydia arises as a Neo-Hittite kingdom.
  • 1200 BCE
    Phrygians invade Anatolia and destroy the Hittite Empire.
  • 1184 BCE
    Trojan War, according to Eratosthenes.
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 700 BCE
    Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
  • c. 685 BCE - 546 BCE
    Mermnad Dynasty rules Lydia.
  • c. 635 BCE - 585 BCE
    Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
  • 560 BCE - 546 BCE
    Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
  • 547 BCE
    Anatolia conquered by the Persians. Ephesos remains neutral.
  • 499 BCE - 493 BCE
    Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
  • c. 498 BCE
    Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
  • c. 449 BCE
    Ionian cities become independent from Persia under the Peace of Callias.
  • c. 430 BCE - 415 BCE
    The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
  • 279 BCE
    Celts invade Thrace and Anatolia.
  • 262 BCE
    Eumenes rebels and wins against the Seleucid Antiochus I. Beginning of the Pergamon Empire.
  • 218 BCE
    The Aegosages Celts enter Anatolia under Attalos of Pergamon.
  • 188 BCE
    Maximum extent of the Pergamon Empire after Apamea peace.
  • c. 188 BCE
    The treaty of Apamea Kibotos. Peace and alliance is established between the Seleucid Empire and Rome joined by its allies, such as Pergamon and Rhodes. The Seleucids have to evacuate all the land and the cities from Asia Minor and to pay a huge war indemnity.
  • 133 BCE
    Attalus III, the last king of Pergamon, bequeathes the whole of Pergamon to Rome.
  • 25 BCE
    Galatia is peacefully absorbed into the Roman Empire.
  • 42 CE - 62 CE
    Paul the Apostle goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
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