Alexander II of Scotland

Definition

Alexander II of Scotland reigned from 1214 to 1249 CE. Succeeding his father William I of Scotland (r. 1165-1214 CE), Alexander supported the northern barons in England against the unpopular King John of England (r. 1199-1216 CE) and so contributed to the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215 CE. The Scottish king ruthlessly tightened his grip on Scotland's border regions and restored peaceful relations with his southern neighbour when he married the sister of Henry III of England (r. 1216-1272 CE). Alexander died in 1249 CE while campaigning to wrest the Western Isles from the Norwegian Crown, and he was succeeded by his son Alexander III of Scotland (r. 1249-1286 CE).

More about: Alexander II of Scotland

Timeline

  • 24 Aug 1198
    Alexander II of Scotland is born at Haddington in East Lothian.
  • 1212
    Prince Alexander, future Alexander II of Scotland, is knighted by King John of England in Westminster.
  • 1214 - 1249
    Reign of Alexander II of Scotland.
  • 5 Dec 1214
    Alexander II of Scotland is invested at Scone Abbey.
  • 15 Jun 1215
    The Magna Carta is signed by King John of England.
  • Jan 1216 - Aug 1216
    King John of England and Alexander II of Scotland exchange raids into each other's territory.
  • Aug 1216
    Alexander II of Scotland meets Prince Louis, claimant to the English throne, in Canterbury.
  • Dec 1217
    Alexander II of Scotland pays homage to Henry III of England at Northampton.
  • 19 Jun 1221
    Alexander II of Scotland marries Joan, sister of Henry III of England, in York.
  • 1222
    Alexander II of Scotland founds the royal burgh of Dumbarton.
  • 1228
    Alexander II of Scotland ends the pretender mac Williams line.
  • 1234 - 1235
    Alexander II of Scotland ends a rebellion in Galloway.
  • 25 Sep 1237
    Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland sign the Peace of York.
  • 4 Mar 1238
    Queen Joan, wife of Alexander II of Scotland, dies of illness.
  • 15 May 1239
    Alexander II of Scotland marries his second wife, Marie de Coucy, a French noblewoman.
  • 4 Sep 1241
    Birth of Alexander III of Scotland.
  • 1247
    Alexander II of Scotland ends another major rebellion in Galloway.
  • Jul 1249
    Death of Alexander II of Scotland.
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