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Crossbows in Ancient Chinese Warfare
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Crossbows in Ancient Chinese Warfare

The crossbow was introduced into Chinese warfare during the Warring States period (481-221 BCE). Developing over the centuries into a more powerful and accurate weapon, the crossbow also came in versions light enough to be fired with one...
Greek Bronze Shield
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Greek Bronze Shield

Bronze shield from Olympia, 6th century BCE. Olympia Archaeological Museum.
Excalibur
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Excalibur

Excalibur is the sword of King Arthur in Sir Thomas Malory's iconic work Le Morte D'Arthur published in in 1485 CE. The sword was originally introduced in Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain (1136 CE) as Caliburnus (or...
Pirate Weapons in the Golden Age of Piracy
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Pirate Weapons in the Golden Age of Piracy

Pirates in the so-called Golden Age of Piracy (1690-1740) used all manner of weapons to attack ships and relieve them of their precious cargoes. Heavy cannons, muskets, pistols, cutlasses, and grenades were just some of the weapons pirates...
Maori Mere Pounamu (Hand-Held Weapon) Showing Some Colour Ranges
Imageby Rudolph89

Maori Mere Pounamu (Hand-Held Weapon) Showing Some Colour Ranges

Maori mere pounamu (hand-held weapon) made from greenstone, in Te Papa, Museum of New Zealand.
17th-century Musketeer Loading His Weapon
Imageby Metropolitan Museum of Art

17th-century Musketeer Loading His Weapon

An illustration of a 17th-century musketeer loading his weapon. From a series of engravings in a Dutch 1608 arms manual The Exercise of Arms. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Ancient Chinese Warfare
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Chinese Warfare

In ancient China warfare was a means for one region to gain ascendancy over another, for the state to expand and protect its frontiers, and for usurpers to replace an existing dynasty of rulers. With armies consisting of tens of thousands...
Galleon
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Galleon

The galleon (Spanish: galeĆ³n, French: galion) was a type of sailing ship used for both cargo carrying and as a warship. Galleons dominated the seas in the second half of the 16th century, and with their lower superstructures, they were much...
Swords in Ancient Chinese Warfare
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Swords in Ancient Chinese Warfare

Although the bow and crossbow were the weapons of choice for much of China's history, the sword played its part, especially when warriors were forced to dismount and face the enemy at close quarters. Widely used from around 500 BCE, swords...
The Weapons of an English Medieval Knight
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Weapons of an English Medieval Knight

The weapons of an English medieval knight in combat included the long sword, wooden lance with an iron tip, metal-headed mace, battle-axe, and dagger. Trained since childhood and practised at tournaments, the skilled knight could inflict...
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