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Wu Zetian
Definitionby Emily Mark

Wu Zetian

Empress Wu Zetian (Empress Consort Wu, Wu Hou, Wu Mei Niang, Mei-Niang, and Wu Zhao, l. 624-705 CE, r. 690-704 CE) was the only female emperor of Imperial China. She reigned during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) and was one of the most effective...
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang
Definitionby Emily Mark

Emperor Xuanzong of Tang

Xuanzong (birth name, Li Longji, l. 685-762 CE, r. 712-756 CE) was the 7th emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, whose domestic and foreign policies established the Tang Dynasty as the Golden Age in Chinese history. Many of the most important...
Tang Dynasty
Definitionby Emily Mark

Tang Dynasty

The Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) was one of the greatest in Imperial Chinese history. It was a golden age of reform and cultural advancement which lay the foundation for policies which are still observed in China today. The second emperor, Taizong...
Emperor Taizong of Tang
Definitionby Emily Mark

Emperor Taizong of Tang

Taizong (birth name, Li-Shimin, l. 598-649 CE, r. 626-649 CE) was the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty and is considered one of the greatest rulers in Chinese history for his reforms of the government and the laws, his religious tolerance...
Women in Ancient China
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Women in Ancient China

Women in ancient China did not enjoy the status, either social or political, afforded to men. Women were subordinate to first their fathers, then their husbands, and finally, in the case of being left a widow, their sons in a system known...
Wu Zetian: the First and Only Empress of Imperial China
Videoby Kelly Macquire

Wu Zetian: the First and Only Empress of Imperial China

Wu Zetian was born in 624 CE to a wealthy family, and her father encouraged her to learn how to read and write, as well as how to play music, the art of public speaking, and how to compose poetry, even though these skills were usually reserved...
Empress Wu Zetian
Imageby Unknown

Empress Wu Zetian

Empress Wu Zetian (r. 683-704 CE) of the Tang Dynasty. Image taken from An 18th-century album of portraits of 86 emperors of China, with Chinese historical notes. Originally published/produced in China, 18th century. (British Library, Shelfmark...
Wu Zetian's Stele
Imageby I, 国家公园网(GJGY.com)

Wu Zetian's Stele

Wu Zetian's (r. 683-704 CE) Stele at Quianling Mausoleum where she was buried along with her husband Gaozong.
China during Wu Zetian's Reign
Imageby Ian Kiu

China during Wu Zetian's Reign

Map of China showing the Wu Zetian's empire c. 700 CE.
Women in the Ancient World
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Women in the Ancient World

In many cultures of antiquity women had to battle the disadvantages of rules and conventions made for men and by men who dominated government, public life, and society. Nevertheless, many ancient religions had powerful female goddesses like...
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