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Francis Bacon
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, and author. Bacon is often considered one of the founders of modern scientific research and scientific method, even as "the father of modern science" since he proposed a new...
Bacon's Rebellion
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Bacon's Rebellion

Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) was the first full-scale armed insurrection in Colonial America pitting the landowner Nathaniel Bacon (l. 1647-1676) and his supporters of black and white indentured servants and African slaves against his cousin-by-marriage...
Francis Bacon by van Somer
Image by Paul van Somer

Francis Bacon by van Somer

A 1617 portrait by Paul van Somer of Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626), the English philosopher, statesman, and author. (Łazienki Palace, Warsaw)
French Wars of Religion
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

French Wars of Religion

The French Wars of Religion (1562-1598) were a series of eight conflicts between Protestant and Catholic factions in France lasting 36 years and concluding with the Protestant King Henry IV of France (r. 1589-1610) converting to Catholicism...
The Philosophy Of Sir Francis Bacon
Video by Let's Talk Philosophy

The Philosophy Of Sir Francis Bacon

In the 17th century Sir Francis Bacon stood at the very foundation of the scientific revolution and would introduce to it the scientific method that we have amended for our use in modern times. Many of his years were spent as a politician...
Scientific Method
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Scientific Method

The scientific method was first used during the Scientific Revolution (1500-1700). The method combined theoretical knowledge such as mathematics with practical experimentation using scientific instruments, results analysis and comparisons...
Francis Drake
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540-1596 CE) was an English mariner, privateer and explorer who in 1588 CE helped defeat the Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain (r. 1556-1598 CE) which attempted to invade the kingdom of Elizabeth I of England (r...
Bacon's Rebellion: The Burning of Jamestown
Image by Howard Pyle

Bacon's Rebellion: The Burning of Jamestown

The Burning of Jamestown. Illustration by Howard Pyle, from page 120 of Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History: from 458 A.D. to 1905 by Benson John Lossing, Ed. Vol 5 of 10, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1905 CE. The image...
Château de Chambord
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Château de Chambord

The Chateau de Chambord, located in the Loire Valley of Loir-et-Cher, France, was built between 1519 and 1547 CE. This fine French Renaissance building, although impressive in both size and architectural detail, was commissioned by Francis...
The Foundation of the Royal Society
Article by Mark Cartwright

The Foundation of the Royal Society

The Royal Society was founded in 1662 to promote scientific research and increase our knowledge of the natural world. With royal patronage and a stellar membership of great minds, the society quickly gained international recognition for its...
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