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English Civil Wars
Definition by Mark Cartwright

English Civil Wars

The English Civil Wars (1642-1651) witnessed a bitter conflict between Royalists ('Cavaliers') and Parliamentarians ('Roundheads'). The Royalists supported first King Charles I of England (r. 1625-1649) and then his son Charles II, while...
Consequences of the English Civil Wars
Article by Mark Cartwright

Consequences of the English Civil Wars

The impact and consequences of the English Civil Wars (1642-1651) were many and far-reaching. Charles I of England (r. 1625-1649) was executed, and the monarchy was abolished. Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) then headed the Republic as the Lord...
Causes of the English Civil Wars
Article by Mark Cartwright

Causes of the English Civil Wars

The English Civil Wars (1642-1651) were caused by a monumental clash of ideas between King Charles I of England (r. 1625-1649) and his parliament. Arguments over the powers of the monarchy, finances, questions of religious practices and toleration...
Cavalry in the English Civil Wars
Article by Mark Cartwright

Cavalry in the English Civil Wars

Cavalry regiments were an essential component of both Royalist and Parliamentarian field armies during the English Civil Wars (1642-1651). Armed with a sword, carbine, and a brace of pistols, cavalry riders evolved to become fast, lightly-armoured...
Dragoons in the English Civil Wars
Article by Mark Cartwright

Dragoons in the English Civil Wars

Dragoons were hybrid cavalry-infantry troops during the English Civil Wars (1642-1651). They usually dismounted before fighting and were used primarily as support troops. Dragoons were frequently tasked with capturing and holding strategically...
Musketeers in the English Civil Wars
Article by Mark Cartwright

Musketeers in the English Civil Wars

Musketeers played a vital role in the battles and sieges of the English Civil Wars (1642-1651). As the war dragged on, weapons became lighter and more accurate, and the musketeers became more capable of effective battlefield manoeuvres. Volley-fire...
Artillery in the English Civil Wars
Article by Mark Cartwright

Artillery in the English Civil Wars

During the English Civil Wars (1642-1651) artillery was an important if still developing feature of warfare. Both Royalist and Parliamentarian armies had large artillery units, which were used in battles and sieges throughout the conflict...
9 Key Battles of the English Civil Wars
Collection by Mark Cartwright

9 Key Battles of the English Civil Wars

There were over 600 battles and sieges in the English Civil Wars (1642-1651) between Parliament and the English monarchy. In this collection of resources, we examine nine of the most important military struggles that progressed the war, diverted...
English Civil Wars Soldiers
Image by Mike Searle

English Civil Wars Soldiers

A detail of the Civil War memorial window showing different soldier types at St. Chad's Church, Farndon, Cheshire. Created after the Restoration of 1660.
The English Civil Wars (1642 - 1651)
Image by Simeon Netchev

The English Civil Wars (1642 - 1651)

A map illustrating the complexity, viciousness, and chaos of the English Civil Wars, also known as the War of the Three Kingdoms (England, Scotland, and Ireland) between 1642 and 1651. The roots of the conflicts stemmed from the contrasting...
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