9 Key Battles of the English Civil Wars


Mark Cartwright
published on 03 February 2022

There were over 600 battles and sieges in the English Civil Wars (1642-1651) between Parliament and the English monarchy. In this collection of resources, we examine nine of the most important military struggles that progressed the war, diverted it into Scotland, and brought the downfall of first King Charles I of England (r. 1625-1649) and then his son Charles II.

Thanks to superior resources and the professional New Model Army, the Parliamentarians ('Roundheads') eventually won the bitter war against the Royalists ('Cavaliers'). The monarchy was abolished and a republic was established with Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) at its head, the Lord Protector.

The main battles of the English Civil Wars were:

The collection examines the specific causes of each engagement and their context within the wider war, the commanders involved, the types of infantry and cavalry, and the weapons they carried, as well as the artillery in use in this period.

The night is wild and wet; the Harvest Moon wades deep among clouds of sleet and hail. Whoever has a heart for prayer, let him pray now, for the wrestle of death is at hand…We English have some tents; the Scots have none. The hoarse sea moans bodeful, swinging low and heavy against these whinstone bays; the sea and the tempests are abroad, all else sleep but we…

Thomas Carlisle



Questions & Answers

Where were the main battles in the English Civil War?

The main battles of the English Civil War were in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. The most important included the battles at Edgehill, Bristol, Newbury, Marston Moor, Naseby, Preston, and Dunbar.

What were the First English Civil War battles?

The First English Civil War (1642-6) battles included the battle of Edgehill, the battle of Marston Moor, the first and second battles of Newbury, and the battle of Naseby.
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About the Author

Mark Cartwright
Mark is a full-time writer, researcher, historian, and editor. Special interests include art, architecture, and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the WHE Publishing Director.

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