Winged Figure, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 23 January 2018
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Detail of the relief carved at the façade of the rock-cut tombs of Ashkawt-i Qizqapan (Kurdish: The Cave of the Ravisher or the Cave of the Raped/Abducted Girl). This winged figure lies at the left side above the entrance into the main burial chamber within a rough square. The overall depiction is that of “Ahura Mazda” but with some variations or differences. There are two pairs of wings; two wings are straight/horizontal while the other two are curled upwards towards the head. The body of the bearded crowned figure was reduced (the upper body, from the lower mid-chest appears). In addition, he holds a barsom (a ritual object) in his right hand while the left hand is raised in reverence or salutation. The tail and the ribands underwent an extensive restoration, as they were very much weathered. Median-Achaemenid Period, 600-330 BCE. Near Zarzi village and the Palaeolithic cave of Zarzi, Chemi Rezan Valley, Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan.

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2018, January 23). Winged Figure, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Winged Figure, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 23, 2018.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Winged Figure, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 23 Jan 2018. Web. 09 Dec 2021.