God Roundel, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan

Server Costs Fundraiser 2023

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate to our server cost fundraiser 2023, so that we can produce more history articles, videos and translations. With your support millions of people learn about history entirely for free, every month.
$10731 / $21000


Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 23 January 2018

Detail of the relief carved at the façade of the rock-cut tombs of Ashkawt-i Qizqapan (Kurdish: The Cave of the Ravisher or the Cave of the Raped/Abducted Girl). This roundel, of a god emblem, lies above the entrance into the main burial chamber and above the main relief of the standing men and altar. A bearded crowned man sits within a circle; the lower part of the circle is thickened and resembles a lunar crescent. He wears a long robe. The divine figure holds a barsom (a ritual object) with his right hand and the left palm faces upwards and a holds an oval object (it is not clear what this object is). He stands on or rises up from the lunar crescent. Median-Achaemenid Period, 600-550 BCE. Near Zarzi village and the Palaeolithic cave of Zarzi, Chemi Rezan Valley, Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan.

Remove Ads


About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2018, January 23). God Roundel, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/7991/god-roundel-rock-cut-tombs-of-qizqapan/

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "God Roundel, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 23, 2018. https://www.worldhistory.org/image/7991/god-roundel-rock-cut-tombs-of-qizqapan/.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "God Roundel, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 23 Jan 2018. Web. 01 Apr 2023.