Block Statue of Ankhrenepnefer

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 21 July 2016

The owner was "a great commissioner of the palace" for Osorkon II, whose cartouches of birth and throne names appear on the upper arm. The shrine he presents contains a figure of Atum, the creator god of Heliopolis. The statue stood in the temple of Atum in Tell el-Maskhuta, on the eastern edge of the Nile Delta. The scarab on the head is an image of Khepri, the morning sun, who had the power of endless rebirth. Khepri was closely identified with Atum, because both gods were supposedly self-created; Khepri at every sunrise, and Atum at the beginning of time. The Heliopolitan gods Ra-Horakhty, Shu, and Tefnut appear in relief on the owner's left side, the Theban triad of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu on his right. Shu and his consort Tefnut, who represented air and moisture, where the 1st gods Atum created. 22nd Dynasty, reign of Osorkon II, circa 874-850 BCE. From the temple of Atum at Tell el-Maskhuta, Egypt. (British Museum, London)

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2016, July 21). Block Statue of Ankhrenepnefer. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Block Statue of Ankhrenepnefer." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified July 21, 2016.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Block Statue of Ankhrenepnefer." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 21 Jul 2016. Web. 07 Feb 2023.