Bishapur, Iran


Carole Raddato
published on 29 October 2021
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Bishapur was a Sasanian city in the Fars region of Iran, located on the road that connected the Sasanian capitals of Istakhr (close to Persepolis) and Ctesiphon. It was built near a river crossing in 266 CE on the orders of King Shapur I (r. 240-270 CE) by Roman soldiers who had been captured after the defeat of the Roman emperor Valerian (253-260 CE). The site is known for its Sasanian-era bas-reliefs and the ruins of what was once a royal city. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in June 2018 as part of the "Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region".

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About the Author

Carole Raddato
Carole maintains the popular ancient history photo-blog Following Hadrian, where she travels the world in the footsteps of emperor Hadrian.

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APA Style

Raddato, C. (2021, October 29). Bishapur, Iran. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Raddato, Carole. "Bishapur, Iran." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified October 29, 2021.

MLA Style

Raddato, Carole. "Bishapur, Iran." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 29 Oct 2021. Web. 22 Jun 2024.