Cyrus the Great
Cyrus II (d. 530 BCE), also known as Cyrus the Great, was the fourth king of Anshan and the first king of the Achaemenid Empire. Cyrus led several military campaigns against the most powerful kingdoms of the time, including Media, Lydia...
Hellenistic Trade Routes, 300 BCE
Alexander the Great died in Babylon on the 13th of June, 323 BCE. His Macedonian-Greek empire broke apart, but Alexander’s heritage was felt throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for centuries. Three Hellenic empires emerged from the...
Masada (“fortress” in Hebrew) is a mountain complex in Israel in the Judean desert that overlooks the Dead Sea. It is famous for the last stand of the Zealots (and Sicarii) in the Jewish Revolt against Rome (66-73 CE). Masada...
Coin of Lysimachus
The obverse of this gold coin (stater), minted under the authority of King Lysimachus of Thrace (r. 305-281 BCE), shows the deified portrait of Alexander the Great, wearing the royal fillet (diadema) with the ram's horn of Ammon; the reverse...
Head of Lysimachus (?). Early Hellenistic, ca. 300 BC. Museum of Ephesus, Turkey.
Swords in Ancient Chinese Warfare
Although the bow and crossbow were the weapons of choice for much of China's history, the sword played its part, especially when warriors were forced to dismount and face the enemy at close quarters. Widely used from around 500 BCE, swords...
Seleucus I Nicator
Portrait of Seleucus I Nicator ( Victor), one of the successors to the kingdom of Alexander the Great upon his death in 323 BCE. This portrait is Roman and is dated to the 1st or 2nd century CE. It was found in Syria. (Louvre Museum, Paris)
Seleucid Silver Tetradrachm Coin
This silver tetradrachm coin belonged to Seleucus I. Reign of Seleucus I Nicator, 305-281 BCE. From Seleucid Syria. Donated by the Bank of England. (The British Museum, London).
Tetradrachm Coin from Seleucid Syria
This is a silver tetradrachm coin. Reign of Seleucos I Nicator, 305-281 BCE. From Seleucid Syria. Donated by the Bank of England. (The British Museum, London).
Seleucid Silver Tetradrachm Depicting an Elephant
This silver tetradrachm coin belonged to Seleucos I. It depicts a striding elephant. Reign of Seleucos I Nicator, 305-281 BCE. Minted in modern-day Iran. Donated by Richard Payne Knight. (The British Museum, London).