Baalbek, Lebanon


Carole Raddato
published on 13 February 2021
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Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern-day Lebanon, in the northern part of the Beqaa Valley, a fertile area with plentiful springs. First settled at the beginning of the 3rd millennium BCE, Baalbek was an essential waypoint on the Phoenician trade route from Tyre to Damascus and grew into an important pilgrimage where the god Baal, the sun god, was worshipped alongside his consort Astarte, the Queen of Heaven.

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About the Author

Carole Raddato
Carole maintains the popular ancient history photo-blog Following Hadrian, where she travels the world in the footsteps of emperor Hadrian.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Raddato, C. (2021, February 13). Baalbek, Lebanon. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Raddato, Carole. "Baalbek, Lebanon." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 13, 2021.

MLA Style

Raddato, Carole. "Baalbek, Lebanon." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 13 Feb 2021. Web. 16 Jun 2024.