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Oedipus & the Sphinx of Thebes
Imageby Carole Raddato

Oedipus & the Sphinx of Thebes

A red-figure tondo showing Oedipus and the sphinx of Thebes. Vulci, 470 BCE. (Vatican Museums, Rome)
Tomb Painting of Osiris, Thebes
Imageby Trustees of the British Museum

Tomb Painting of Osiris, Thebes

A painting of Osiris, Egyptian god of the dead, from the Tomb of Kynebu. By Osiris' right hand are the four sons of Horus. Thebes, Egypt. Reign of Ramesses VIII (r. 1155-1149 BCE).
Ancient Egyptian Architecture
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Architecture

Ancient Egyptian architecture is often associated closely with the pyramids of Giza but was actually quite diverse, taking a number of forms in the construction of administrative buildings, temples, tombs, palaces, and the private homes of...
Interrelations of Kerma and Pharaonic Egypt
Articleby P. DeMola

Interrelations of Kerma and Pharaonic Egypt

The vacillating nature of Ancient Egypt's associations with the Kingdom of Kerma may be described as one of expansion and contraction; a virtual tug-of-war between rival cultures. Structural changes in Egypt's administration led to alternating...
Ancient Egyptian Religion
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Religion

Egyptian religion was a combination of beliefs and practices which, in the modern day, would include Egyptian mythology, science, medicine, psychiatry, magic, spiritualism, herbology, as well as the modern understanding of 'religion' as belief...
Tutankhamun
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun (also known as Tutankhamen and `King Tut', r. c.1336-c.1327 BCE) is the most famous and instantly recognizable Pharaoh in the modern world. His golden sarcophagus is now a symbol almost synonymous with Egypt. His name means `living...
Hipparchia of Maroneia
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Hipparchia of Maroneia

Hipparchia of Maroneia (l. c. 350-280 BCE) was a Cynic philosopher who rejected her upper-class life to live her beliefs and share her values on the streets of ancient Athens. She was the wife of the Cynic Crates of Thebes (l. c. 360-280...
Ancient Egyptian Art
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Art

The artworks of ancient Egypt have fascinated people for thousands of years. The early Greek and later Roman artists were influenced by Egyptian techniques and their art would inspire those of other cultures up to the present day. Many artists...
Oedipus at Colonus
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Oedipus at Colonus

Oedipus at Colonus was the third play of the Oedipus trilogy written by the great Greek tragedian Sophocles (c. 496 - c. 406 BCE). Although written in the years prior to his death, it would finally be presented by his son Iophon at a dramatic...
Xois
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Xois

Xois (as the Greeks called it) was a vast ancient city located on a marshy island in the center of the Nile Delta of Egypt, modern-day Sakha. It was founded c. 3414-3100 BCE and was continuously inhabited until the rise of Christianity c...
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