New Kingdom of Egypt
The New Kingdom (c. 1570- c.1069 BCE) is the era in Egyptian history following the disunity of the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782-1570 BCE) and preceding the dissolution of the central government at the start of the Third Intermediate...
Memphis (Ancient Egypt)
Memphis was one of the oldest and most important cities in ancient Egypt, located at the entrance to the Nile River Valley near the Giza plateau. It served as the capital of ancient Egypt and an important religious cult center. The original...
The Egyptian Empire rose during the period of the New Kingdom (c. 1570- c. 1069 BCE), when the country reached its height of wealth, international prestige, and military might. The empire stretched from modern-day Syria in the north to modern-day...
Agesilaus II (c. 445 – 359 BCE) was a Spartan king who won victories in Anatolia and the Corinthian Wars but who would ultimately bring total defeat to his city through his policies against Thebes. When Sparta lost the crucial battle...
Ramesses II Seated Statue, Thebes
A statue of a seated Ramesses II. He holds the royal sceptre and wears the khepresh war helmet. From the Temple of Amun, Thebes. Dynasty XIX, 1279-1213 BCE. (Egyptian Museum, Turin)
Boeotian Pithos from Thebes
A Boeotian early orientalizing pithos-amphora depicting a lion, 670-660 BCE, Thebes. (National Archaeological Museum, Athens).
The Sanctuary of the Kabeiroi, Thebes
The Kabeiroi sanctuary is located 8 km (4.97 miles) west of Thebes, Greece. The Kabeiroi were revered as vineyard and animal fertility guardians. The sanctuary's cult originated in the archaic period and lasted until late antiquity.
Seven Against Thebes
High terracotta Etruscan relief depicting scenes from the myth of the Seven Against Thebes. It decorated the back of the temple of the sanctuary at Pyrgi, 470-460 BCE, National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia, Rome.
Attic Oil Flask Depicting a Scene from Seven Against Thebes
This image of a young warrior cutting his hair before battle may reflect a scene in Seven against Thebes, a tragedy by Aeschylus. The seven heroes knew that only one of them would survive battle. Each cut a lock of his hair and tied it to...
Crates of Thebes [Painting]
A portrait of the Greek Cynic philosopher Crates of Thebes by an unknown painter from the circle of Domenico Feti.