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Third Punic War
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Third Punic War

The Third Punic War was fought between Carthage and Rome between 149 and 146 BCE. Carthage had already lost two wars against Rome, but their assault on their Numidian neighbours gave the Romans the perfect excuse to crush this troublesome...
Scipio Africanus Freeing Massiva
Imageby Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Scipio Africanus Freeing Massiva

As described by the Roman historian Livy (1st century BC), the youthful Massiva was the nephew of a prince of Numidia in present-day Algeria who had supported Scipio Africanus (a Roman general so known because of his conquests in North Africa...
Scipio Africanus Bust
Imageby JarlaxleArtemis

Scipio Africanus Bust

Scipio Africanus the Elder: The Roman general Scipio earned the surname Africanus after his victory at the Battle of Zama, which ended the Second Punic War in 202 BCE. This bust of Scipio Africanus the Elder is at the National Archeological...
Battle of Cannae
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Battle of Cannae

The Battle of Cannae (2 August 216 BCE) was the decisive victory of the Carthaginian army over Roman forces at Cannae, southeast Italy, during the Second Punic War (218-202 BCE). The Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca (l. 247-183 BCE), who...
The Battle of Zama - Scipio's Attack
Imageby Mohammad Adil

The Battle of Zama - Scipio's Attack

The Battle of Zama (202 BCE). Carthaginian cavalry routed off the field. Scipio attacks Hannibal's first and second line of infantry and routs both lines.
Carthago Nova
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Carthago Nova

Carthago Nova (modern-day Cartagena) was a city on the southern Iberian Peninsula, Spain, originally known as Mastia. Human habitation of the region predates the Neolithic Period, but the area around the site of Carthago Nova seems to have...
Scipio Africanus the Elder
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Scipio Africanus the Elder

A marble bust of Roman general Scipio Africanus the Elder, 236-183 BCE. (Capitoline Museums, Rome)
Scipio Africanus, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Imageby Carole Raddato

Scipio Africanus, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek

The General Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC), original from the Tomb of the Scipiones, end of the 2nd century BCE. (Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen)
The Masaesyli and Massylii of Numidia
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Masaesyli and Massylii of Numidia

The North African Berber kingdom of Numidia (202-40 BCE) was originally inhabited by a tribe (or federation of tribes) known as the Masaesyli, to the west, and a coalition of smaller tribes, known as the Massylii, to the east. The meaning...
Carthaginian Army
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Carthaginian Army

The armies of Carthage permitted the city to forge the most powerful empire in the western Mediterranean from the 6th to 3rd centuries BCE. Although by tradition a seafaring nation with a powerful navy, Carthage, by necessity, had to employ...