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Assyrian Soldiers with Iron Crowbars
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Assyrian Soldiers with Iron Crowbars

Alabaster bas-relief depicting Assyrian soldiers using iron crowbars. Neo-Assyrian Period, 865-860 BCE. Detail of Panel 4 (bottom), Room B, the North-Palace Palace, Nimrud, modern-day Iraq. (The British Museum, London)
Merovingian Iron Belt Buckle and Fitting
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Merovingian Iron Belt Buckle and Fitting

During the 600s CE, supplies of oriental garnets failed and gold and silver grew scarcer. As a result, Frankish jewelers turned to a decorative technique of inlaying designs and silver wire. These often imitated patterns used earlier in garnet...
Paleolithic
Definitionby Emma Groeneveld

Paleolithic

The Palaeolithic ('Old Stone Age') makes up the earliest chunk of the Stone Age – the large swathe of time during which hominins used stone to make tools – and ranges from the first known tool use roughly 2,6 million years ago...
The Meaning of European Upper Paleolithic Rock Art
Articleby Cristian Violatti

The Meaning of European Upper Paleolithic Rock Art

Rock art (also known as parietal art) is an umbrella term which refers to several types of creations including finger markings left on soft surfaces, bas-relief sculptures, engraved figures and symbols, and paintings onto a rock surface...
The History of Excavations at Tel Gezer
Articleby Henry Curtis Pelgrift

The History of Excavations at Tel Gezer

The archaeological site of Tel Gezer is located in central Israel at the edge of the western mountains near the Shephelah, about 9 or 10 km southwest of the city of Ramleh. Gezer was one of the famed "Solomonic" cities of the Hebrew...
Viking Iron Fishing Hooks
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Viking Iron Fishing Hooks

The Vikings did not use fishing reels or poles. Instead, they tied hooks to a fishing line made from sheep, cow, or walrus intestines, then pulled the fish up by hand. On a small rowing boat out on the open ocean, this was a very dangerous...
The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations
Articleby Kelly Macquire

The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations

The Bronze Age Aegean in the eastern Mediterranean encompassed several powerful entities: the Minoans on Crete; the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece, and the Cypriots on Cyprus. These cultures are often examined separately, and thus the ample...
Gezer
Definitionby Henry Curtis Pelgrift

Gezer

Gezer is an ancient city and archaeological site located in central Israel where the central mountains meet the northern Shephelah, about 10 km southeast of the city of Ramleh. According to the Hebrew Bible, Gezer was one of the great cities...
Roman Warfare in the Age of Pyrrhus
Articleby Christopher L. Serafin

Roman Warfare in the Age of Pyrrhus

The Roman army fought many conflicts throughout its long history, though perhaps none so indelible as the Pyrrhic War from 280 to 275 BCE. This war between Rome and a league of Greek colonies in southern Italy led by the city of Tarentum...
Archaeological Excavations at Tel Kabri
Articleby Henry Curtis Pelgrift

Archaeological Excavations at Tel Kabri

Tel Kabri is an archaeological site in northwestern Israel that is best known as the location of one of the largest palaces in Canaan in the Middle Bronze Age or "MB" (ca. 2,000–1,500 BCE). Although Tel Kabri reached the height...
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