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Golden Age of Piracy
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Golden Age of Piracy

The Golden Age of Piracy (1690-1730) refers to a period when robbery on the high seas and at colonial ports reached an unprecedented level. Although not all historians agree on the precise time frame, it is generally applied to those pirates...
Beauty in the Bronze Age - Minoan & Mycenaean Fashion
Article by Georgia McDonnell

Beauty in the Bronze Age - Minoan & Mycenaean Fashion

Dress and appearance in Bronze Age Greece (c. 3100 BCE - c. 1100 BCE) played a part in defining gender roles and emphasising idealized beauty that planted the seed for modern-day standards. The Minoans turned the island of Crete into a Mediterranean...
Bronze Age Sicily
Article by Salvatore Piccolo

Bronze Age Sicily

The Bronze Age in Sicily, considered one of the most important periods of the island's prehistory, witnessed the establishment of a unitary and in some ways artistically vibrant culture. The three main phases of the period take their name...
The Four-Room House
Definition by Dana Murray

The Four-Room House

The four-room house, also referred to as “Israelite house” and “pillared courtyard house,” emerged in the central highlands of Canaan during the late 13th -early 12th centuries BCE in response to environmental and...
Ice Age
Definition by Emma Groeneveld

Ice Age

An ice age is a period in which the earth's climate is colder than normal, with ice sheets capping the poles and glaciers dominating higher altitudes. Within an ice age, there are varying pulses of colder and warmer climatic conditions, known...
Map of the The Hallstatt Culture
Image by Simeon Netchev

Map of the The Hallstatt Culture

A map illustrating the spread of the Hallstatt culture, a predominant European Late Bronze and Early Iron Age culture from the 12th to 5th centuries BCE. It is generally accepted as a proto-Celtic culture. It is named after Hallstatt, an...
Map of La Tène Culture
Image by Simeon Netchev

Map of La Tène Culture

La Tène culture was a European Iron Age culture. It existed from about 450 BCE to the Roman conquest in the 1st century BCE. It was a successor of the Hallstatt culture and is generally considered one of the root cultures of the Celtic people...
Bronze Hairpin Depicting 'Master of Animals' from Iron Age Zagros
Image by National Museum of Iran

Bronze Hairpin Depicting 'Master of Animals' from Iron Age Zagros

Bronze Hairpin Depicting 'Master of Animals', found in Luristan (central Zagros), c. 950 to c. 650 BCE. National Museum of Iran, Tehran, acc. no. 1459. Photo by Neda Tehrani (Baloot Noghrei) Long bronze hairpins crowned with a large...
Venus Figurine
Definition by Jessica Liew

Venus Figurine

The term Venus figurine is used to describe the more than 200 small statuettes of voluptuous female figures that have been found at Upper Paleolithic sites across Europe and some parts of Asia. “When paleoanthropologists refer to figurines...
Women in the Viking Age
Article by Emma Groeneveld

Women in the Viking Age

Although women in the Viking Age (c. 790-1100 CE) lived in a male-dominated society, far from being powerless, they ran farms and households, were responsible for textile production, moved away from Scandinavia to help settle Viking territories...
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