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Odysseus Escaping Polyphemos
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Odysseus Escaping Polyphemos

A scene from a Greek black-figure pottery vase showing the hero Odysseus tied to a sheep as a means of escape from the cyclops Polyphemos. Unknown date. (Mykonos Archaeological Museum)
Roman Cyclops Mask
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Roman Cyclops Mask

A stone mask in the form of a cylops. Roman Arausio (Orange), France. 1st century CE. (Archaeological Museum, Orange)
Ancient Greek Theatre
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Theatre

Greek theatre began in the 6th century BCE in Athens with the performance of tragedy plays at religious festivals. These, in turn, inspired the genre of Greek comedy plays. The two types of Greek drama would be hugely popular and performances...
Ancient Greek Tragedy
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Tragedy

Greek tragedy was a popular and influential form of drama performed in theatres across ancient Greece from the late 6th century BCE. The most famous playwrights of the genre were Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides and many of their works...
Ancient Greek Comedy
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Comedy

Ancient Greek comedy was a popular and influential form of theatre performed across ancient Greece from the 6th century BCE. The most famous playwrights of the genre were Aristophanes and Menander and their works and those of their contemporaries...
The blinding of Polyphemus
Imageby Carole Raddato

The blinding of Polyphemus

The blinding of Polyphemus, cast reconstruction of the sculpture group from the villa of Tiberius at Sperlonga (Italy) and dating from the 1st century CE.
Head of Polyphemus
Imageby Carole Raddato

Head of Polyphemus

Head of Polyphemus (one of the one-eyed Cyclopes). It dates from the 4th century CE and comes from the amphitheatre at Salona. It is exhibited in the Split Archaeological Museum in Croatia.
Greek Theatre Architecture
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Greek Theatre Architecture

The ancient Greeks built open-air theatres where the public could watch the performances of Greek comedy, tragedy, and satyr plays. They then exported the idea to their colonies throughout the Aegean so that theatres became a typical feature...
Theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus

The theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus on the south slope of the acropolis of Athens was first built in the 6th century BCE. Modified and expanded over the centuries, it is the oldest Greek theatre and is the site where some of the most famous...
The Plays of Cratinus
Articleby James Lloyd

The Plays of Cratinus

Cratinus was a highly successful writer of Attic Old Comedy, but the very fragmentary nature of his surviving plays means that he is not as well remembered as Aristophanes (eleven of whose plays come down to us intact). Despite this, it is...