Lekythos, Odysseus & Polyphemus
Oil, especially olive oil, is stored in a specialized Greek pottery; lekythos (pleural, lekythoi). Many lekythoi were found inside tombs; they were used to anointg the dead bodies of single men. Mainly dull red and black paints were used...
Euripides (c. 484-407 BCE) was one of the greatest authors of Greek tragedy. In 5th century BCE Athens his classic works such as Medeia cemented his reputation for clever dialogues, fine choral lyrics and a gritty realism in both his text...
Homer (c. 750 BCE) is perhaps the greatest of all epic poets and his legendary status was well established by the time of Classical Athens. He composed (not wrote, since the poems were created and transmitted orally, they were not written...
Chitrali mythology developed in the region of Chitral, the tallest portions of the Hindu Kush mountains, where the Chitrali people, at the juncture of South, Central, West, and East Asia, were exposed to many external cultural influences...
The Odyssey Summarised - Context, Themes and Importance
The Odyssey is the second epic poem, following the Iliad, attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer, a poem both epic in length and in content with the Hero Odysseus facing numerous monsters, goddesses, and even a trip to the underworld...
A marble statue of Silenus, the satyr who tutored Dionysos in Greek mythology. A 2nd century CE copy of an earlier Greek original. From via Flavia, Rome. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome)
Tiryns was a major Mycenaean centre, the magnificent walled fortifications visible today date from the 13th century BCE. The large size of the stones of the walls led the ancient Greeks to believe they were the work of the Cyclopes.
Satyr Marble Bust
A detail of a marble satyr, c. 150 BCE. (Agora Museum, Athens)
South Tower, Tiryns
Detail of the 'Cyclopean' walls of the south tower of Mycenaean Tiryns (13th century BCE).
The Life of Antisthenes of Athens in Diogenes Laertius
Antisthenes (c. 445-365 BCE) was a Greek philosopher who founded the Cynic School of Athens. He was a follower of Socrates and appears in Plato's Phaedo as one of those present at Socrates' death. He is one of the primary interlocutors in...