Great Ancient Greek Poets


Joshua J. Mark
published on 22 April 2024

The poets of ancient Greece are among the most famous in the world and established many of the forms still used by artists today. From the epic poetry of Homer to the more intimate works of Sappho of Lesbos, ancient Greek poetry has inspired, and helped to shape, the works of poets for over 2,000 years.

In honor of National Poetry Month in the United States, this collection presents some of the most famous Greek poets of antiquity, along with their muses. Readers are encouraged to explore the many others not included here.



Questions & Answers

Who is the greatest ancient Greek poet?

Homer is considered the greatest ancient Greek poet.

Who is Hesiod?

Hesiod is the ancient Greek poet famous for his "Theogony" and "Works and Days", both of which helped establish ancient Greek religion, now regarded as "mythology."

Was Sappho of Lesbos really gay?

Scholars continue to debate whether Sappho of Lesbos was a lesbian as it is possible, though not likely, that her poetry on same-sex relationships was a literary construct.

Did Telesilla of Argos really defend her city against Sparta?

According to ancient Greek texts, Telesilla of Argos defended her city against an attack from Sparta. She was a well-known poet at the time, however, so the debate continues as to whether her defense of the city was heroic propaganda or established historical fact.
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About the Author

Joshua J. Mark
Joshua J. Mark is World History Encyclopedia's co-founder and Content Director. He was previously a professor at Marist College (NY) where he taught history, philosophy, literature, and writing. He has traveled extensively and lived in Greece and Germany.

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