Ancient History Encyclopedia has a new name!

We are now World History Encyclopedia to better reflect the breadth of our non-profit organization's mission. If you have bookmarks or links to our site on your blog or website, please update them. Learn More

Elizabethan Explorers, Privateers & Colonists

Collection

Mark Cartwright
by
published on 18 December 2020
Send to Google Classroom:

The reign of Elizabeth I of England (1558-1603 CE) witnessed an extraordinary spurt of exploration as tiny wooden ships boldly set sail from English shores to cross the world's oceans. Famous mariners like Francis Drake, Martin Frobisher and Walter Raleigh combined geographical curiosity with an insatiable thirst for the riches to be taken from foreign traders and indigenous communities.

The period saw circumnavigations, numerous attempts to find the Northwest Passage, and England's first colony in North America. Exotic goods such as tobacco and spices were brought back to England which would have a lasting cultural impact. Above all, the success of the period encouraged British monarchs thereafter to entertain the idea of territorial conquest entirely independent of Continental Europe so that the medieval ambitions in France were replaced by post-modern dreams of a global empire. In this collection, we look in detail at some of the key figures in this process and consider the consequences of Elizabeth I's interest in sponsoring expeditions with the overlapping aims of trade, privateering and colonialism.       

On 4 April 1581 CE, Elizabeth boarded the Golden Hind docked at Deptford on the Thames and, pleased with the treasures he had captured and the glory of his navigational achievements, knighted Drake on its decks...Drake had become Elizabeth's favourite sea dog, a feeling that must have been mutual as the mariner often gave his queen lavish gifts such as a gold crown embedded with emeralds and a diamond-studded cross in 1581 CE.

Videos

Images

About the Author

Mark Cartwright
Mark is a history writer based in Italy. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at WHE.

Support Our
Non-Profit Organization

World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit organization. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide.

Become a Member