The discovery of the Rosetta Stone unlocked the secrets of Ancient Egypt with the Ancient Greek and Demotic texts being the key to translating the Hieroglyphics for the first time. So, if you want to know what the Rosetta Stone is, why it's so important and why it's so famous, make sure to stick around! The text carved onto the Rosetta Stone dates to the year 196 BCE, and we know this because the text is actually a very run-of-the-mill document, and each script outlines what King Ptolemy V Epiphanes had achieved in the year since his coronation.
Where was the Rosetta Stone found, you may ask, and well, the answer is in the name! In 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte and his troops were in Egypt, and Lieutenant Pierre François Xavier Bouchard removed the Rosetta Stone from a section of an old wall of a building that was being demolished. The beginning of the decipherment began with the Englishman Thomas Young who worked out the direction in which the hieroglyphics were meant to be read, and identified some of the hieroglyphs which related to Ptolemy V Epiphanes. It was then in the early 1820s that the script was fully deciphered by the French linguist and scholar Jean-François Champollion.
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Macquire, K. (2021, July 13). The Rosetta Stone: What is it and Why is it so Important?. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2598/the-rosetta-stone-what-is-it-and-why-is-it-so-impo/
Macquire, Kelly. "The Rosetta Stone: What is it and Why is it so Important?." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified July 13, 2021. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2598/the-rosetta-stone-what-is-it-and-why-is-it-so-impo/.
Macquire, Kelly. "The Rosetta Stone: What is it and Why is it so Important?." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 13 Jul 2021. Web. 21 Sep 2021.