The Etruscans, who knew themselves as the Rasenna, were a culture that flourished in central Italy in the region of Etruria between the 8th and the 3rd century BCE. They are first mentioned by the Greek writer Hesiod in the 8th century BCE and were the first great Italian civilization before the Romans. They were a major trading entity in the Mediterranean, and in the ancient world, they were renowned for their mineral resources. Although much of the Etruscan culture and history was obliterated or absorbed by the Romans, many Etruscan tombs and their contents, wall paintings, and Roman adoption of Etruscan material and religious culture have survived. The Etruscans lived in independent city-states, linked only by their common language, religion, and general culture. This means that art, governmental and architectural developments happened at different times in each city, since they were working autonomously.
In central Italy during the Iron Age, a culture began to develop in around 1100 BCE, and they have been called the Villanovan culture. These peoples were actually what we know as the Etruscan culture in their early form. The lack of evidence showing that there was warfare in the region, or migration of new peoples, suggest that the Villanovan people never left, and the Etruscan people never arrived, but they are one and the same.
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Cite This Work
Macquire, K. (2021, June 26). History of the Etruscan Culture: the First Great Italian Civilization. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2590/history-of-the-etruscan-culture-the-first-great-it/
Macquire, Kelly. "History of the Etruscan Culture: the First Great Italian Civilization." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified June 26, 2021. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2590/history-of-the-etruscan-culture-the-first-great-it/.
Macquire, Kelly. "History of the Etruscan Culture: the First Great Italian Civilization." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 26 Jun 2021. Web. 21 Sep 2021.