India-Sanchi (Buddhist/Great Stupa)

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Joshua J. Mark
by Nurettin Yilmaz
published on 31 August 2020
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Sanchi:
The Buddhist vihara at Sanchi, famous for its Great Stupa is located at Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India, it is 46 km north-east of Bhopal.
The Great Stupa at Sanchi is the oldest stone structure in India and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in the 3rd century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chatra, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and shelter the relics. The construction work of this stupa was overseen by Ashoka's wife, Devi herself, who was the daughter of a merchant of Vidisha. Sanchi was also her birthplace as well as the venue of her and Ashoka's wedding. In the 1st century BCE, four elaborately carved toranas (ornamental gateways) and a balustrade encircling the entire structure were added.
'Great Stupa'
The 'Great Stupa' at Sanchi is the oldest structure and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in the 3rd century BCE. Its nucleus was a hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chatra, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank. A pillar of finely polished sandstone was also erected. The old stupa was later covered when it was expanded. The bottom part of the pillar still stands. The upper parts of the pillar are placed under a canopy nearby. The pillar has an Ashokan inscription (Schism Edict) and an inscription in the ornamental Sankha Lipi from the Gupta period.

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APA Style

Yilmaz, N. (2020, August 31). India-Sanchi (Buddhist/Great Stupa). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2100/india-sanchi-buddhistgreat-stupa/

Chicago Style

Yilmaz, Nurettin. "India-Sanchi (Buddhist/Great Stupa)." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified August 31, 2020. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2100/india-sanchi-buddhistgreat-stupa/.

MLA Style

Yilmaz, Nurettin. "India-Sanchi (Buddhist/Great Stupa)." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 31 Aug 2020. Web. 25 Sep 2021.