Sidon is the Greek name (meaning 'fishery') for the ancient Phoenician port city of Sidonia (also known as Saida) in what is, today, Lebannon (located about 25 miles south of Beirut). Along with the city of Tyre, Sidon was the most powerful city-state of ancient Phoenicia and first manufactured the purple dye which made Tyre famous and was so rare and expensive that the color purple became synonymous with royalty.

More about: Sidon


  • c. 4000 BCE
    Founding of the city of Sidon.
  • c. 1200 BCE - c. 800 BCE
    First wave of Phoenician colonization where largely trading-posts are founded throughout the Mediterranean.
  • c. 1101 BCE
    Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Utica by Sidon (or Tyre).
  • c. 1000 BCE
    Ahiram becomes king of Sidon.
  • 980 BCE
    Ittobaal becomes king of Sidon.
  • 940 BCE
    Abibaal becomes king of Sidon.
  • 920 BCE
    Yehimilk becomes king of Sidon.
  • 900 BCE
    Elibaal becomes king of Sidon.
  • 880 BCE
    Shiptibaal becomes king of Sidon.
  • c. 800 BCE - 600 BCE
    Second stage of Phoenician colonization where trading-posts become full colonies throughout the Mediterranean.
  • 351 BCE
    Artaxerxes III sacks Sidon.
  • 332 BCE
    Alexander the Great sacks Sidon.