The Land of Punt was a region in Africa (most likely Somalia) referenced by inscriptions of ancient Egypt initially as a partner in trade and, later, as a semimythical country rich in resources and exotic goods. It is best known from the inscriptions of Queen Hatshepsut (r. 1479-1458 BCE) though trade had been established much earlier.

More about: Punt


  • c. 2613 BCE - 2498 BCE
    Trade already well established between Egypt and The Land of Punt.
  • 2498 BCE - 2345 BCE
    Trade between Egypt and Punt prospers.
  • 1991 BCE - 1802 BCE
    The Egyptian Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor features Punt as a mystical island of "all good things". .
  • 1493 BCE
    Hatshepsut's expedition returns with 31 live incense trees; first recorded transplant of foreign fauna.
  • c. 1493 CE
    Punt becomes land of myth; steadily vanishes from historical inscriptions in Egypt.