Mari Timeline

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  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2900 BCE
    Mari, the earliest known planned city, is built near the eastern bank of the Euphrates.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2300 BCE
    The Semitic Kish culture is dominant in the area of modern-day Syria. This culure is exemplified by Ebla and the Cities I and II of Mari.
  • c. 2950 BCE - c. 2650 BCE
    The first of the city phases of the Syro-Mesopotamian city of Mari. This period is called "City I" in the archaeological literature.
  • c. 2550 BCE - c. 2220 BCE
    The second of three city phases of the Syro-Mesopotamian city of Mari. This period is called 'City II' in the archaeological literature.
  • c. 2350 BCE
    Ebla is destroyed in the rivalry between Mari and Ebla.
  • c. 2220 BCE
    City II at Mari is destroyed by Naram-Sin.
  • c. 2220 BCE - c. 1761 BCE
    The third and final city phase of the Syro-Mesopotamian city of Mari. This period is called 'City III' in the archaeological literature.
  • c. 2220 BCE - c. 2150 BCE
    The Akkadian Empire dominates Mari with military governors called Shakkanakku serving as rulers.
  • c. 2150 BCE
    The Akkadian Empire falls, Mari gains independence.
  • c. 1830 BCE
    The Shakkanakku Dynasty of Mari falls and is replaced by the Amorite Lim Dynasty under Yaggid-Lim.
  • c. 1830 BCE - c. 1760 BCE
    The Amorite period of Mari.
  • c. 1811 BCE
    Naram-Sin dies, Mari becomes independent again.
  • c. 1776 BCE - c. 1761 BCE
    The reign of Zimri-Lim of Mari, the last king of Mari. Zimri-Lim, an Amorite, reclaims the throne of Mari for the Lim Dynasty in 1776 BCE.
  • c. 1761 BCE
    Zimri-Lim, the last ruler of Mari dies for unknown reasons. His former ally, Hammurabi of Babylon, captures the city of Mari.
  • c. 1760 BCE - c. 1757 BCE
    Hammurabi of Babylon destroys the city of Mari. The people of Mari are spared according to Hammurabi.