Levant Timeline

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  • c. 6000 BCE
    First fortified settlement at Ugarit.
  • c. 4000 BCE
    Founding of the city of Sidon.
  • c. 4000 BCE - c. 3000 BCE
    Trade contact between Byblos and Egypt.
  • c. 2900 BCE - c. 2300 BCE
    First settlement of Baalbek.
  • c. 2750 BCE
    The city of Tyre is founded.
  • c. 1458 BCE
    Kadesh and Megiddo lead a Canaanite alliance against the Egyptian invasion by Thutmose III.
  • 1274 BCE
    Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
  • c. 1250 BCE - c. 1200 BCE
    Hebrew tribes settle Canaan.
  • c. 1200 BCE
    Sea Peoples invade the Levant.
  • 1115 BCE - 1076 BCE
    Reign of Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria who conquers Phoenicia and revitalizes the empire.
  • c. 1080 BCE
    Rise of the kingdom of Israel.
  • c. 1000 BCE
    Height of Tyre's power.
  • c. 965 BCE - 931 BCE
    Solomon is king of Israel.
  • 950 BCE
    Solomon builds the first Temple of Jerusalem.
  • 722 BCE
    Israel is conquered by Assyria.
  • 351 BCE
    Artaxerxes III sacks Sidon.
  • 332 BCE
    Alexander the Great sacks Sidon.
  • 332 BCE
    Alexander the Great sacks Baalbek and renames it Heliopolis.
  • 332 BCE
    Conquest of the Levant by Alexander the Great who destroys Tyre.
  • Jan 332 BCE - Jul 332 BCE
    Alexander the Great besieges and conquers Tyre.
  • 64 BCE
    Tyre becomes a Roman colony.
  • c. 6 BCE - c. 30 CE
    Life of Jesus Christ.
  • 637 CE
    Muslim invasion of the Levant. The Byzantines are driven out.
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