Gold Timeline

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  • c. 5000 BCE
    Electrum (gold and silver alloy) used by the Egyptians in jewellery.
  • c. 3000 BCE
    Sumer civilization in Mesopotamia use gold in jewellery manufacture.
  • c. 2500 BCE
    Egyptians invent the technique of filigree in the manufacture of gold objects.
  • c. 1800 BCE
    Minoans on Crete use gold in jewellery manufacture.
  • c. 1550 BCE
    Gold death masks (including that of 'Agamemnon') made at Mycenae.
  • 1200 BCE
    Chavin civilization in Peru manufactures gold goods.
  • c. 635 BCE - 585 BCE
    Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Croesus of Lydia first manufactures coins of solid gold.