Voltaire (1694-1778) was a French author, historian, and philosopher whose thoughts on religious toleration and moderation of authoritarian power were influential during the Enlightenment. His most famous work today is the satirical Candide, which presents Voltaire's critical thoughts on other philosophers, the Catholic Church, and the French state in order to highlight the need for real solutions to everyday problems.

More about: Voltaire


  • 1694 - 1778
    Life of the French author, historian, and philosopher Voltaire.
  • 21 Nov 1694
    Voltaire is born in Paris.
  • 1718
    Voltaire's first play, Oedipus, is successfully staged.
  • 1726
    Voltaie is imprisoned in the Bastille.
  • 1734
    Voltaire starts to live with Gabrielle Émilie, Marquise du Châtelet.
  • 1734
    Voltaire publishes his Letters on England.
  • 1745
    Voltaire is appointed the royal historiographer in France.
  • 1756
    Voltaire publishes his Essay on the Manners and Spirit of Nations.
  • 1759
    Voltaire publishes his Candide.
  • 1762
    Voltaire publishes his Treatise on Tolerance.
  • 1764
    Voltaire publishes his Philosophical Dictionary.
  • 1766
    Voltaire publishes his Ignorant Philosopher.
  • 30 May 1778
    Voltaire dies in Paris.