Vandals

Definition

The Vandals were a Germanic tribe who are first mentioned in Roman history in the Natural History of Pliny the Elder (77 CE). The Roman historian Tacitus also mentions them in his Germania (c. 98 CE), though he also refers to them as the "Lugi". Their name may mean "the wanderers" and was given by both Pliny and Tacitus as "Vandilii". The name "vandal" has now become synonymous with careless destruction owing to the accounts by Roman writers describing their violent behavior generally and their sack of Rome in 455 CE specifically.

More about: Vandals

Timeline

  • c. 130 BCE
    Vandals migrate from Scandinavia to Silesia.
  • 77 CE
    Vandals mention by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History.
  • 98 CE
    Vandals mentioned by Tacitus in his Germania.
  • c. 166 CE
    Vandals associated with Rome.
  • 270 CE
    Hostilities between Vandals and Rome.
  • 271 CE
    Vandals defeated by Aurelian.
  • 277 CE - 278 CE
    Vandals defeated by Probus.
  • 330 CE
    Vandals situated in Pannonia by Constantine.
  • 406 CE - 407 CE
    Vandals invade Gaul.
  • 406 CE
    Vandals, Suevi, and Alans invade Gaul.
  • 420 CE
    Vandals seize important ports of Hispania, battle Romans and Visigoths.
  • 428 CE
    Gaiseric becomes King of the Vandals.
  • 429 CE
    Vandals overrun Caesarea.
  • 429 CE
    Gaiseric leads the Vandal invasion of Roman North Africa.
  • 429 CE
    Vandals cross Spain to the Maghreb.
  • 439 CE
    Vandals take Carthage from the Western Roman Empire and make it their new capital.
  • 442 CE
    Treaty between Gaiseric and Valentinian III of Rome recognizing Vandal Kingdom of North Africa.
  • 455 CE
    Valentinian III assassinated; Gaiseric sacks Rome.
  • 455 CE
    Vandals sack Rome.
  • 468 CE
    Eastern and Western halves of Roman Empire unite against Vandals and are defeated.
  • 478 CE
    Death of Gaiseric.
  • 478 CE - 484 CE
    Reign of Huneric as King of the Vandals.
  • 484 CE - 496 CE
    Reign of Gunthamund.
  • 496 CE - 523 CE
    Reign of Thrasamund.
  • 523 CE - 530 CE
    Reign of Hilderic.
  • 530 CE - 534 CE
    Reign of Gelimer.
  • 533 CE - 534 CE
    The Vandal War launched by Emperor Justinian I, aimed a reconquering Africa from the Vandals.
  • 533 CE
    Invasion of North Africa by Roman Empire led by Belisarius.
  • 533 CE
    Vandals under Gelimer defeated at Battle of Ad Decium and Battle of Tricameron by Romans under Belisarius.
  • 533 CE
    Belisarius defeats the Persians to the east of the Byzantine Empire and the Vandals of Africa.
  • 534 CE
    Gelimer, the last Vandal king, captured and brought to Constantinople; Vandals cease to exist as a political/cultural entity.
  • 534 CE
    Justinian of the Byzantine Empire conquers the Vandal kingdom in Africa.
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