Tiamat is the Mesopotamian goddess associated with primordial chaos and the salt sea best known from the Babylonian epic Enuma Elish. In all versions of the myth, following the original, Tiamat always symbolizes the forces of chaos, which threaten the order established by the gods, and Marduk (or Ashur in Assyrian versions) is the hero who preserves it.

More about: Tiamat


  • c. 1750 BCE
    Tiamat appears in the Babylonian epic poem Enuma Elish; dated to c. 1750 BCE but no doubt written earlier in the reign of Hammurabi.