Thomas Cranmer

Definition

Thomas Cranmer served as the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury from 1533 to 1555 CE and was one of the prime architects of the English Reformation during the reigns of Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) and Edward VI of England (r. 1547-1553 CE). Cranmer oversaw such reforms as conducting services in English instead of Latin, removing altars and iconography from churches, and closing down the monasteries. The archbishop also wrote and introduced a new and influential Book of Common Prayer. When Catholic Mary I of England (r. (1553-1558 CE) then swept back the Reformation and restored Catholicism, Cranmer was one of her principal victims and was burned at the stake in Oxford in 1556 CE.

More about: Thomas Cranmer

Timeline

  • 1489
    Thomas Cranmer, future Archbishop of Canterbury, is born in Nottinghamshire.
  • 1529
    Thomas Cranmer serves as the chaplain to Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire.
  • 1530
    Henry VIII of England appoints Thomas Cranmer as ambassador to the court of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1531
    Thomas Cranmer serves as the personal chaplain of Henry VIII of England.
  • 1533 - 1555
    Thomas Cranmer serves as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 25 Jan 1533
    Henry VIII of England marries his second wife, Anne Boleyn, in secret.
  • 30 Mar 1533
    Henry VIII of England appoints Thomas Cranmer as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 23 May 1533
    Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury formally annuls Henry VIII of England’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
  • 30 Apr 1534
    Parliament passes the Act of Succession which declares Henry VIII of England's daughter Mary (with Catherine of Aragon) illegitimate.
  • 28 Nov 1534
    The Act of Supremacy declares Henry VIII of England the head of the Church in England and not the Pope.
  • 6 Jul 1535
    Sir Thomas More is executed for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII of England as the head of the Church in England.
  • 1536
    Henry VIII of England and Thomas Cromwell push a bill through Parliament which begins the Dissolution of the Monasteries in England and Wales.
  • 17 May 1536
    Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, formally annuls the marriage of Henry VIII of England to Anne Boleyn.
  • Oct 1536 - Dec 1536
    The Pilgrimage of Grace, a popular uprising against religious changes made by Henry VIII of England, marches in the north of England.
  • 1539
    Henry VIII of England approves the translation of the Bible into English.
  • 1539
    Henry VIII of England guarantees certain Catholic practices with the Act of Six Articles.
  • 1539
    Parliament passes an act to close all monasteries in England and Wales regardless of size.
  • 1539
    Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, is obliged to divorce his wife following the passing of the Act of Six Articles.
  • 1547
    Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, issues his 'Book of Homilies'.
  • 1549
    The Kett Rebellion breaks out in Norfolk led by Robert Kett.
  • 1549
    A new Book of Common Prayer is issued in England.
  • 1549
    The Act of Uniformity makes the new Book of Common Prayer compulsory in England.
  • 1552
    A new, even more radical Book of Common Prayer is issued in England, removing many of the Catholic elements of religious worship.
  • Oct 1553
    The First Act of Repeal reverses all the religious-aimed legislation of Edward VI of England.
  • Jan 1554 - Feb 1554
    A rebellion led by Sir Thomas Wyatt marches on London against Mary I of England.
  • Jan 1555
    The Second Act of Repeal abolishes all post-1529 CE legislation concerning religious matters in England.
  • 21 Mar 1556
    Thomas Cranmer is burnt at the stake in Oxford for heresy.
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