Thebes (Egypt)

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3461 / $18000


Thebes was the capital of Egypt during the period of the New Kingdom (c.1570-c.1069 BCE) and became an important center of worship of the god Amun (also known as Amon or Amen, a combination of the earlier gods Atum and Ra). Its sacred name was P-Amen or Pa-Amen meaning "the abode of Amen".

More about: Thebes (Egypt)


  • c. 3200 BCE
    Thebes is prominent religious center dedicated to the worship of Amon.
  • c. 2061 BCE - c. 2010 BCE
    Life of Theban noble Mentuhotep II of Thebes.
  • 2055 BCE
    Mentuhotep II conquers rival princes, unites Egypt with Thebes as capital.
  • c. 1345 BCE
    Akhenaten moves capital of Egypt from Thebes to Akhetaten, his custom-built city.
  • c. 1334 BCE
    Tutankhamun returns capital to Thebes.
  • 666 BCE
    Thebes sacked by Assyrians under Ashurbanipal.
  • c. 640 CE
    Arab invasion of Egypt who name the temple complex at Thebes `Karnak'.