Song Dynasty Timeline

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  • 960 - 1125
    The Northern Song Dynasty in China.
  • 960 - 976
    Reign of Emperor Taizu, founder of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 960 - 1279
    Song Dynasty in China.
  • 962
    Emperor Taizu of Song introduces a new and harsh law code in China.
  • 976 - 997
    Reign of Emperor Taizong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • c. 990 - 1030
    Life of Chinese painter Fan Kuan.
  • 997 - 1022
    Reign of Emperor Zhenzong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1004
    Treaty of Shanyuan which brings peace between the Liao dynasty and Song dynasty of China with the latter compelled to pay annual tribute.
  • 1021 - 1086
    Life of Wang Anshi, influential chancellor during the Song dynasty.
  • 1022 - 1063
    Reign of Emperor Renzong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1037 - 1101
    Life of Song dynasty poet Su Dongpo.
  • 1044
    Defeat to the Xia state results in China's Song dynasty paying tribute.
  • 1054 - 1126
    Life of Song dynasty general Tong Guan.
  • 1063 - 1067
    Reign of Emperor Yingzong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1067 - 1085
    Reign of Emperor Shenzong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1084
    Sima Guang writes his 'Zizhi tongjian' (Comprehensive Mirror for Aid to Government), a history of China.
  • 1085 - 1100
    Reign of Emperor Zhizong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1100 - 1126
    Reign of Emperor Huizong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1103
    Lie Jie in China writes his 'Yingzao fashi', a treatise on architecture.
  • 1125 - 1279
    The Southern Song Dynasty in China.
  • 1125
    The Jin state attacks Song China.
  • 1125
    The Jurchen Jin state invades Song China necessitating the latter to move south and form the Southern Song dynasty.
  • 1127 - 1162
    Reign of Emperor Gaozong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1138
    Hangzhou (aka Linan) is made the capital of the Song Dynasty, now known as the Southern Song.
  • 1141
    A peace treaty is signed betwwen the (southern) Song Dynasty and Jin state.
  • 1142
    The Jurchen Jin dynasty and Southern Song dynasty sign a formal peace treaty.
  • 1162 - 1189
    Reign of Emperor Xiaozong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1189 - 1194
    Reign of Emperor Guangzong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1194 - 1224
    Reign of Emperor Ningzong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1212 - 1215
    The Mongols attack Song China, sacking over 90 cities.
  • 1215
    The Mongols sack Beijing.
  • 1224 - 1264
    Reign of Emperor Lizong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1264 - 1274
    Reign of Emperor Duzong of the Song dynasty in China.
  • 1268
    Kublai Khan resumes the Mongol attacks on Song Dynasty China.
  • 1273
    Xiangyang falls into Mongol hands.
  • 1274 - 1275
    Reign of Emperor Gongzong of the Song dynasty in southern China.
  • 1275 - 1279
    The Mongols led by Kublai Khan attack and conquer the last remnants of Song China.
  • 1275 - 1277
    Reign of Emperor Duanzong of the Song dynasty in southern China.
  • 28 Mar 1276
    Lin'an, the capital of the Song Dynasty, is captured by a Mongol army.
  • 1278 - 1279
    Reign of Emperor Dibing of the Song dynasty in southern China.
  • 19 Mar 1279
    The Mongols complete their conquest of Song Dynasty China with victory at the naval battle at Yaishan.
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