Shapur II


Shapur II (r. 309-379 CE, also Sapur II) was the tenth monarch of the Sassanian Empire (224-651 CE) and among the most successful. Under his reign – which lasted his entire life – the Avesta (Zoroastrian scripture) was committed to writing and the empire expanded at the expense of the Arab tribes, the Roman Empire, and the kingdoms of the East.

More about: Shapur II


  • 309 CE - 379 CE
    Reign of Shapur II; greatest king since Shapur I.
  • c. 324 CE - c. 326 CE
    Shapur II's military campaigns driving the Arabs from his territory, invading Arabia, and building defensive walls.
  • 337 CE - 363 CE
    Shapur II's wars with Rome.