Sea Peoples


The Sea Peoples were a confederacy of naval raiders who harried the coastal towns and cities of the Mediterranean region between c. 1276-1178 BCE, concentrating their efforts especially on Egypt. They are considered one of the major contributing causes to the Bronze Age Collapse (c. 1250-c.1150 BCE) and were once regarded as the primary cause.

More about: Sea Peoples


  • 1300 BCE - 1150 BCE
    Egyptian sources name Lycia as the Lukka Lands and as part of a confederacy of 'Sea Peoples'.
  • c. 1200 BCE
    Sea Peoples invade the Levant.
  • c. 1190 BCE
    Ugarit is destroyed by the Sea Peoples.
  • c. 1187 BCE
    Kadesh is destroyed by the Sea Peoples and subsequently vanishes from history.
  • 1180 BCE
    The Sea Peoples begin increased incursions into Egypt.
  • 1180 BCE - 1178 BCE
    Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty fortifies Xois against the threat of the invading Sea Peoples.
  • 1178 BCE
    Ramesses III defends Egypt from the Sea Peoples on the shores at Xois, defeating them completely.