Roman Philosophy


Roman philosophy played a significant role in the growth and development of Western thought. While not involved directly in the development of original philosophical thought, Rome made significant contributions in two ways: by conveying Greek philosophy to the people of the Roman Empire and developing the Latin terminology that formed the basis for the spreading of philosophy into the Middle Ages.

More about: Roman Philosophy


  • 106 BCE
    Roman statesman and orator Cicero is born.
  • 44 BCE
    Cicero writes his De Officiis.
  • 43 BCE
    Roman statesman and orator Cicero dies.
  • 4 BCE - 65 CE
    Life of Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Emperor Nero's tutor and advisor.
  • 50 CE
    Epictetus is born a slave in Hierapolis, Asia Minor.
  • c. 68 CE
    Granted his freedom, Epictetus begins to teach in Rome.
  • 89 CE
    Banished from Rome by Domitian with the other philosophers, Epictetus travels to Nicopolis and sets up a school there.
  • c. 108 CE
    The historian Arrian studies with Epictetus, records his teachings.
  • 26 Apr 121 CE - 17 Mar 180 CE
    Life of Marcus Aurelius.
  • c. 130 CE
    Epictetus dies at Nicopolis.
  • 132 CE
    Marcus Aurelius is introduced to philosophy by his teacher Diognetus.
  • 170 CE - 180 CE
    Marcus Aurelius leads campaigns against the Germanic tribes; writes his famous Meditations.