Robert Guiscard


Robert Guiscard (1015-1085) was a Norman knight best known for conquering much of Southern Italy and Sicily during the 11th century. His many exploits include the expulsion of the Byzantines from Italy, support of a reformist papacy, and laying the foundations for a new Norman Kingdom to emerge in Sicily c. 1130.

More about: Robert Guiscard


  • c. 1015 - 1085
    Life of the Norman knight Robert Guiscard.
  • 18 Jun 1053
    Battle of Civitate between a Norman coalition and a papal army.
  • 23 Aug 1059
    Synod of Melfi; Nicholas II formally invests Robert Guiscard as Duke of Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily.
  • 1068
    The Normans under Robert Guiscard begin the three-year siege of Bari, the Byzantine provincial capital of southern Italy.
  • 1071 - 1072
    Robert Guiscard besieges Palermo.
  • 1081 - 1082
    The Normans, led by Robert Guiscard, attack Byzantine Greece.
  • 1084
    The Sack of Rome by the Normans led by Robert Guiscard, duke of Apulia, during Rome's occupation by German king Henry IV.