Red Cloud's War


Red Cloud's War (1866-1868) was a conflict between the Lakota Sioux-Cheyenne-Arapaho alliance and the US government over the westward expansion of the United States into the Powder River territory. It was the only war won by the Plains Indians and it halted further US expansion in the region until the Black Hills Gold Rush of 1876.

More about: Red Cloud's War


  • 1820
    Cheyenne & Sioux alliance defeat the Crow and take the Powder River Territory.
  • 1825
    Influx of white settlers into the region causes conflict.
  • 1851
    Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 defines boundaries of land for Native American nations and white settlers.
  • 1858
    Pike's Peak Gold Rush ignores the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851.
  • 1863
    Bozeman Trail opened through Sioux territory without permission.
  • Jul 1866
    Red Cloud launches his war against forts illegally constructed on Sioux lands.
  • 21 Dec 1866
    Battle of the Hundred-in-the-Hands/Fetterman Massacre.
  • 1 Aug 1867
    The Hayfield Fight of Red Cloud's War.
  • 2 Aug 1867
    The Wagon Box Fight of Red Cloud's War.
  • Nov 1868
    Red Cloud's War concludes with the Treaty of Fort Laramie of 1868.