Piraeus Timeline

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  • 493 BCE
    The first fortifications are constructed at Athens' port of Piraeus.
  • c. 483 BCE
    Themistocles persuades the Athenians to significantly expand their fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
  • 480 BCE
    The fortifications of Piraeus instigated by Themistocles are completed.
  • c. 465 BCE
    Construction of the Long Walls fortifications joining Athens to the port of Piraeus are begun.
  • 446 BCE
    The Middle Wall fortifications are added to the Long Walls which connect Athens and the port of Piraeus.
  • 429 BCE
    Following attacks by Sparta, fortifications at the port of Piraeus are extended to reduce the width of the harbour entrances.
  • 404 BCE
    Spartan general Lysander attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus destroying parts of the Long Wall fortifications.
  • 387 BCE
    Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus.
  • 86 BCE
    The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.