Persian Literature Timeline
c. 522 BCE
Behistun Inscription of Darius I; considered the first example of Persian literature.
Literature of the Achaemenid Empire lost in its conquest by Alexander the Great and the burning of library of Persepolis.
224 CE - 651 CE
Middle Persian dialect in use during the period of the Sassanian Empire; written literature develops in response to religious texts.
Sassanian Empire falls to invading Muslim Arabs; Zoroastrian texts and Sassanian literary works destroyed.
750 CE - 1258 CE
Persian literature and culture revive under the Abbasid Dynasty.
819 CE - 999 CE
Persian literature flourishes under the Samanid Dynasty which encourages some its greatest poets.
859 CE - c. 940 CE
Life of the Persian poet Rudaki, "the father of Persian Literature".
c. 935 CE - 977 CE
Life of the Persian poet Daqiqi who makes first attempt at writing the Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
c. 940 CE - 1020 CE
Life of the Persian poet Ferdowsi, author of the literary masterpiece Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
1048 CE - 1131 CE
Life of the Persian mathematician, scientist, scholar, and poet Omar Khayyam.
1080 CE - c. 1131 CE
Life of the Persian poet Sanai, author of The Walled Garden of Truth.
c. 1141 CE - 1209 CE
Life of the Persian poet Nizami.
c. 1145 CE - c. 1220 CE
Life of the Persian poet Attar.
1207 CE - 1273 CE
Life of the Persian poet Rumi, considered one of the greatest literary artists in the world.
1210 CE - c. 1291 CE
Life of the Persian poet Saadi.
1315 CE - 1390 CE
Life of the Persian poet Hafiz Shiraz, considered the greatest Persian poet and among the greatest in the world.