New Model Army

Definition

The New Model Army was created in February 1645 by the Parliamentarians during the English Civil Wars (1642-1651) that turned England from a monarchy to a republic. It was a professional army in terms of its personnel, training, and leadership and was formed after heavy defeats to the Royalists earlier in the war.

More about: New Model Army

Timeline

  • 1642 - 1651
    The English Civil Wars between Parliamentarians ('Roundheads') and Royalists ('Cavaliers').
  • Aug 1642 - 1646
    The First English Civil War.
  • 4 Feb 1645
    The English Parliament motions to form a new professional fighting force, the New Model Army.
  • 21 Feb 1645
    Sir Thomas Fairfax is appointed the commander of the New Model Army during the English Civil Wars.
  • Apr 1645
    The Self-Denying Ordinance forbids any member of Parliament from also being a military commander in the New Model Army.
  • 14 Jun 1645
    The Parliamentarians led by Sir Thomas Fairfax defeat the Royalists at the Battle of Naseby during the English Civil Wars.
  • Jul 1645
    The Parliamentarians led by Sir Thomas Fairfax defeat a Royalist army led by Lord Goring near Langport in Somerset.
  • 11 Sep 1645
    The Parliamentarians led by Sir Thomas Fairfax beseige and capture Bristol after the surrender by Prince Rupert.
  • Feb 1648 - Aug 1648
    The Second English Civil War when a Scottish army attempts and fails to restore Charles I of England.
  • Jun 1648
    At the Battle of Maidstone, Sir Thomas Fairfax leads the Parliamentairans to victory against a Royalist army led by the Earl of Norwich.
  • 17 Aug 1648 - 20 Aug 1648
    A Parliamentarian army led by Oliver Cromwell defeats an Anglo-Scottish Royalist army at the Battle of Preston.
  • 28 Aug 1648
    Sir Thomas Fairfax leads the Parliamentarian siege which captures Colchester.
  • Dec 1648
    The New Model Army marches on Parliament to apprehend Presbyterian MPs and receive the arrears in their pay.
  • 1650
    Oliver Cromwell leads the New Model Army to ruthlessly quash a major rebellion in Ireland.
  • 1650
    Sir Thomas Fairfax resigns as commander of the Parliamentarian New Model Army, refusing to lead them against Scotland.
  • 3 Sep 1650
    Oliver Cromwell leads the New Model Army to victory against a Socttish army at Dunbar.
  • 3 Sep 1651
    Oliver Cromwell leads the New Model Army to victory against an invading Scottish army at Worcester.
  • 14 Jun 1658
    The Battle of the Dunes where Oliver Cromwell sends the New Model Army to aid the French in attacking the Spanish Netherlands. Dunkirk is acquired as a result of victory.
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