Mehmed II


Mehmed II (1432-1481 CE), also known as Mehmed the Conqueror, was the seventh and among the greatest sultans of the Ottoman Empire. His conquests consolidated Ottoman rule in Anatolia and the Balkans, and he most famously triumphed in conquering the prized city of Constantinople, transforming it into the administrative center, cultural hub, and capital of his growing empire. His victories would mark the end of the Byzantine Empire and usher a new era of Ottoman dominance in the Eastern Mediterranean.

More about: Mehmed II


  • 30 Mar 1432
    Mehmed II is born.
  • 1437
    Mehmed II is appointed governor of Amasya.
  • 1444
    Mehmed II inherits the throne after Sultan Murad II abdicates.
  • 10 Nov 1444
    Murad II resumes defeats Crusader forces at the Battle of Varna.
  • 1451 - 1481
    Mehmed II rules as the Sultan.
  • 5 Feb 1451
    Mehmed II succeeds Murad as sultan following his death.
  • 31 Aug 1452
    Construction of fortress Rumelihisari is complete.
  • 6 Apr 1453
    Siege of Constantinople begins.
  • 29 May 1453
    Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II sacks Constantinople.
  • 1454 - 1459
    Ottoman campaigns in Serbia.
  • 1456
    Ottoman forces besiege Trebizond.
  • 22 Jul 1456
    Mehmed II is dealt his first major defeat at the Siege of Belgrade.
  • 1461
    Ottoman forces under Sultan Mehmed II capture Trebizond, ending the Empire of Trebizond.
  • 1461
    David Megas Komnenos, the last Emperor of Trebizond, is deposed by the Ottomans.
  • 17 Jun 1462
    Mehmed II defeats Vlad III in the Battle of Târgoviște.
  • 1463 - 1479
    The Ottomans fight a long war against the Venetians over their possessions in the Aegean.
  • c. 1463 - 1470
    The Mosque of the Conqueror is constructed in Constantinople.
  • 1465
    Mehmed II oversees construction of Topkapi Palace, the new seat of his empire.
  • 3 May 1481
    Mehmed II falls ill during a military expedition and subsequently dies, leading to the succession of his eldest son Bayezid II to the throne.