Medes Timeline

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  • c. 1200 BCE
    The Median clans are among the Indo-Iranian migrant tribes from Central Asia and/or Caucasus to North Zagros, Iran.
  • 850 BCE
    Medes migrate into Iran from Asia.
  • c. 834 BCE
    First Assyrian records of the Medes: Shalmaneser III receives tribute from the "Amadi".
  • 727 BCE - 675 BCE
    Medes unite during the reign of their king Dayukku (aka Deioces).
  • 647 BCE - 625 BCE
    Phraortes is ruler of the Medes.
  • c. 647 BCE
    Akkadian/Assyrian system of government adopted by the Medes under Phraortes.
  • 625 BCE - 585 BCE
    Cyaxares is ruler of the Medes.
  • 625 BCE
    Incursions by Babylonians, Elamites, Medes and Scythians weakens the city of Nineveh.
  • 625 BCE - 585 BCE
    Median army organized during the reign of Cyaxares of the Medes.
  • 612 BCE
    Nineveh is sacked and burned by combined forces of Babylonians and Medes.
  • 612 BCE
    The great Assyrian cities of Ashur, Kalhu, and Nineveh are sacked and burned by the Medes, Babylonians, and Persian forces.
  • 585 BCE
    The Erebuni fortress in ancient Armenia is occupied by the Median Empire.
  • c. 585 BCE - c. 550 BCE
    Ishtuvaigu/Astyages expands the Median control over Elam. He finally loses his kingdom to Cyrus II of Persia.
  • 28 May 585 BCE
    A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result of a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
  • 553 BCE
    Cyrus the Great successfully rebels against the Medes and establishes the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.