Library of Alexandria

Definition

The Library of Alexandria was established under the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt (323-30 BCE) and flourished under the patronage of the early kings to become the most famous library of the ancient world, attracting scholars from around the Mediterranean, and making Alexandria the preeminent intellectual center of its time until its decline after 145 BCE.

More about: Library of Alexandria

Timeline

  • 323 BCE - 282 BCE
    Library of Alexandria is proposed and possibly established during the reign of Ptolemy I of Egypt.
  • 323 BCE - 145 BCE
    The Library of Alexandria flourishes under the patronage of the early Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt.
  • 282 BCE - 246 BCE
    Library of Alexandria built during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt.
  • 246 BCE - 221 BCE
    Collection of the Library of Alexandria expands during the reign of Ptolemy III of Egypt.
  • 145 BCE
    The Library of Alexandria loses patronage under the reign of Ptolemy VIII; foreign scholars are expelled from Alexandria.
  • 145 BCE - 48 BCE
    Library of Alexandria declines through lack of patronage by Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt.
  • 51 BCE - 30 BCE
    Library of Alexandria still exists during the reign of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
  • 48 BCE
    Storehouse of the Library of Alexandria near the port is destroyed by fire set by Julius Caesar.
  • 313 CE - 415 CE
    Whatever remains of Library of Alexandria declines further with the rise of Christianity in Alexandria, Egypt.
Membership