Kingdom of Mercia Timeline

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  • c. 515 - c. 535
    Reign of King Icel, founder of Mercia.
  • c. 535 - c. 545
    Reign of King Cnebba in Mercia.
  • c. 545 - c. 580
    Reign of King Cynewald in Mercia.
  • c. 580 - c. 595
    Reign of King Creoda in Mercia.
  • c. 595 - c. 606
    Reign of King Pybba in Mercia.
  • c. 606 - c. 625
    Reign of King Cearl in Mercia; lands lost to Northumbria after Battle of Chester.
  • c. 616
    Battle of Chester; Mercia loses Welsh kingdoms to Northumbria.
  • c. 625 - 655
    Reign of King Penda in Mercia; kingdom expands.
  • 628
    Battle of Cirenchester; King Penda of Mercia defeats West Saxons and takes land.
  • 633
    Battle of Hatfield Chase; King Penda of Mercia defeats Northumbria and takes lands.
  • 655
    Battle of the Winwaed; King Penda of Mercia killed; Mercia defeated by Northumbria and partitioned.
  • 655 - 656
    Peada, son of Penda, rules southern Mercia.
  • 655 - 658
    Oswiu of Northumbria rules northern Mercia.
  • 658 - 675
    King Wulfhere reigns in Mercia; reunites the kingdom.
  • 675 - 704
    King Aethelred I reigns in Mercia.
  • 704 - 709
    King Coenred reigns in Mercia.
  • 709 - 716
    King Ceolred reigns in Mercia. .
  • 716 - 757
    King Aethelbald reigns in Mercia.
  • 757
    Beornred reigns briefly in Mercia; deposed by Offa.
  • 757 - 796
    King Offa reigns in Mercia; builds famous dyke along border with Wales.
  • 796
    Offa's son Ecgfrith reigns briefly in Mercia.
  • 796 - 821
    King Coenwulf reigns in Mercia.
  • 821 - 823
    King Ceolwulf I reigns in Mercia.
  • 823 - 826
    King Beornwulf reign in Mercia; loses supremacy to Mercia after Battle of Ellandun.
  • 825
    Battle of Ellandun; Wessex defeats Mercia, Mercian supremacy in the region lost. .
  • 826 - 827
    King Ludeca reigns in Mercia.
  • 827 - 829
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 827 - 829
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 827 - 829
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 827 - 829
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 829 - 830
    King Egbert of Wessex rules Mercia directly.
  • 830 - 839
    Second reign of Wiglaf in Mercia.
  • 839 - 840
    King Wigmund reigns in Mercia. .
  • 840
    King Wigstan reigns in Mercia.
  • 840 - 852
    King Beorhtwulf reigns in Mercia.
  • 852 - 874
    King Burgred reigns in Mercia; deposed by Viking army.
  • 874 - 883
    King Ceolwulf II reigns in Mercia; Viking puppet-king.
  • 879
    King Ceolwulf II cedes eastern part of Mercia to Vikings; end of united Mercian kingdom.
  • 883 - 911
    King Aethelred II reigns in Mercia; submits to Alfred the Great of Wessex as overlord.
  • 911 - 918
    Aethelflaed, Lady of the Mercians, reigns in Mercia.
  • 918
    Lady Aelfwynn, daughter of Aethelflaed, reigns briefly in Mercia.
  • 918
    Aelfwynn deposed by Edward the Elder of Wessex; Mercia becomes part of Kingdom of Wessex.