Kievan Rus

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3832 / $18000

Definition

Kievan Rus (862-1242) was a medieval political federation located in modern-day Belarus, Ukraine, and part of Russia (the latter named for the Rus, a Scandinavian people). The name Kievan Rus is a modern-day (19th century) designation but has the same meaning as 'land of the Rus,' which is how the region was known in the Middle Ages.

More about: Kievan Rus

Timeline

  • c. 750
    Scandinavian settlement of Staraja Ladoga founded as trade center.
  • 862 - 879
    Reign of Varangian King Rurik, founder of the Rurikid Dynasty of Kievan Rus.
  • 862 - 1242
    Federation of Kievan Rus controls areas of modern-day Belarus, Russia, and the Ukraine.
  • 879 - 912
    Reign of Oleg of Novgorod, also known as Oleg the Prophet, in Kievan Rus.
  • c. 882
    Oleg the Prophet moves capital of Kievan Rus from Novgorod to Kiev.
  • 912 - 945
    Reign of Igor of Kiev in Kievan Rus.
  • 945
    Assassination of Igor of Kiev by Drevlians.
  • 945 - c. 963
    Olga, wife of Igor, reigns as regent for their son Sviatoslav I.
  • c. 945 - c. 950
    Olga seeks revenge on Drevlians for Igor's death.
  • c. 963 - 972
    Reign of Sviatoslav I (Sviatoslav the Brave), who expands and enriches Kievan Rus through military campaigns.
  • 972 - 980
    Reign of Yaropolk I in Kievan Rus.
  • 980 - 1015
    Reign of Vladimir I (the Great) in Kievan Rus; converts region to Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
  • c. 987
    Vladimir I sends Varangian forces to help Basil II of Constantinople; creation of the Varangian Guard.
  • 1015 - 1019
    Reign of Sviatopolk I in Kievan Rus.
  • 1019 - 1054
    Reign of Yaroslav I (the Wise) in Kievan Rus; height of the federation in every respect.
  • c. 1054 - c. 1078
    Yaroslav I's sons fight each other for control; Kievan Rus splinters.
  • c. 1078 - c. 1337
    Kievan Rus broken into separate districts and polities. .
  • 1237 - 1242
    The Mongol Invasion; Kievan Rus conquered. .
Membership