James IV of Scotland

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James IV of Scotland ruled as king from 1488 to 1513. He succeeded his father James III of Scotland (r. 1460-1488) and became one of the most popular of the Stuart kings. James sought to apply justice in every corner of his realm, he created Scotland's first navy, and he promoted such innovations as the printing press. The royal houses of England and Scotland were joined in 1503 when James married Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England (r. 1485-1509). James IV was killed along with the flower of Scotland's nobility when he lost the Battle of Flodden against the English in September 1513. He was succeeded by his son James V of Scotland (r. 1513-1542) and so the royal Stuart line continued.

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